toxi-infection
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GC: n

S: NCBI – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2002734/ (last access: 2 September 2015); OUP – http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/40/1/1 (last access: 2 September 2015).

N: 1. toxi-infection is formed within English, by compounding. From prefix “toxi-” (poison) and noun “infection” (late 14c., “infectious disease; contaminated condition;” from Old French infeccion “contamination, poisoning” (13c.) and directly from Late Latin infectionem (nominative infectio) “infection, contagion,” noun of action from past participle stem of Latin inficere “to spoil, to stain”; meaning “communication of disease by agency of air or water” (distinguished from contagion, which is body-to-body communication), is from 1540s).
. The earliest known use of the noun toxi-infection is in the 1900s. Oxford English Dictionary’s earliest evidence for toxi-infection is from 1901, in the writing of William Dorland, obstetrician.

2. Toxi-infections are pathologies caused by the ingestion of food contaminated with biological agents or their toxins. Generally, there is a significantly higher risk during the summer season due to temperature and moisture conditions. This environment creates the adequate circumstances to accelerate the reproduction of bacteria usually found in foods, including SalmonellaCampylobacter and Escherichia coli. With little effort, they reach large populations in 1 to 2 hours, especially if foods are prepared in advance and consumed hours later without storing them in adequate cooling conditions. After ingestion, the possibility of suffering from the most common toxi-infection symptoms increases: diarrhoea, fever and general malaise, which disappear after a few days.

S: 1. Wiktionary – https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/toxi- (last access: 21 December 2023); OED – https://www.etymonline.com/search?q=toxi-infection (last access: 21 December 2023). 2. (last access: 21 December 2023); OD – https://www.oed.com/dictionary/toxi-infection_n?tl=true (last access: 21 December 2023). 2. Condalab – https://www.condalab.com/int/en/blog/toxiinfections-what-are-they-and-why-during-summer–n254 (last access: 21 December 2023).

SYN: 1. toxiinfection, toxo-infection. 2. toxiiinfection. 3. toxic infection.

S: 1. GDT (last access: 2 September 2015). 2. DAM ; GDT (last access: 2 September 2015). 3. DTMe (last access: 2 September 2015).

CR: infection, microorganism.