GC: n S: UNICEF – http://www.unicef.org/pacificislands/overview_10818.htm (last access: 5 July 2016); http://www.accuweather.com/en/features/trend/what-is-la-nina-us-impacts/56817440 (last access: 5 July 2016). N: 1. Origin and Etymology of la niña: Spanish, the (female) child. First Known Use: 1988. 2. An irregularly recurring upwelling of unusually cold water to the ocean surface along the western coast
GC: n S: ILO – http://www.ilo.org/global/statistics-and-databases/lang-en/index.htm (last access: 21.11.2013); http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SL.TLF.CACT.ZS (last access: 10 October 2015). N: 1. The labour force comprises all those who work for gain, whether as employees, employers, or as self-employed, and it includes the unemployed who are seeking work. 2. labour force (UK); labor force (US).
GC: n S: AR – https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.genet.37.110801.143820 (last access: 11 November 2020); T. Gilat – https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0016508572800805 (last access: 11 November 2020). N: 1. It is formed by the latin prefix lacto- which means “milk” and -ase used to form the names of enzimes. 2. Enzyme found in the small intestine of mammals that
GC: n S: http://realestate.findlaw.com/landlord-tenant-law.html (last access: 10 November 2017); https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/landlord-tenant_law (last access: 10 November 2017). N: 1. early 15c. (late 13c. as a surname), “owner of a tenement, one who rents land or property to a tenant,” from land (n.) + lord (n.). 2. Two definitions: the owner of property
GC: n S: http://www.patient.co.uk/health/laryngitis-leaflet (last access: 16 December 2014); DORLAND p. 1005; EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/330784/laryngitis (last access: 16 December 2014). N: 1. 1822, Medical Latin, from comb. form of larynx (q.v.) + –itis. 2. Inflammation of the larynx, usually with dryness and soreness of the throat, hoarseness, cough and dysphagia.
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/hygiene/emergencies/fs3_4.pdf (last access: 31 July 2015); http://www.fundsforngos.org/latest-funds-for-ngos/humanitarian-innovation-fund-inviting-researchers-to-test-innovative-latrine-lighting-solutions-in-refugee-camps/ (last access: 31 July 2015). N: c.1300, probably from Latin latrina, contraction of lavatrina “washbasin, washroom,” from lavatus, past participle of lavare “to wash” (see lave) + -trina, suffix denoting “workplace.” Its reappearance in 1640s is probably a
GC: n S: UNESCO – http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001406/140618e.pdf (last access: 12 April 2013); http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/lawwar.asp (last access: 2 September 2014). N: Armed conflict is as old as humankind itself. There have always been customary practices in war, but only in the last 150 years have States made international rules to limit the effects
GC: n S: http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/ldl-cholesterol-the-bad-cholesterol (last access: 15 January 2016); http://heartuk.org.uk/health-and-high-cholesterol (last access: 15 January 2016). N: 1. LDL: Abbreviation for low density lipoprotein. cholesterol (n): white, solid substance present in body tissues, 1894, earlier cholesterin, from French cholestrine (Chevreul, 1827), from Greek khole “bile” (see cholera) + steros “solid, stiff”
GC: n S: UMN – http://www.d.umn.edu/~ssternbe/Courses/LabII/exleach.pdf (last access: 15 December 2012); EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/leaching-geochemistry-of-soil (last access: 30 July 2015). N: 1. Old English leccan “to moisten, water, wet, irrigate”. The word disappears, then re-emerges late 18c. In a technological sense in reference to percolating liquids. Related: Leached; leaching. 2. The
GC: n S: http://statelaws.findlaw.com/property-and-real-estate-laws/details-on-state-lease-and-rental-agreement-laws.html (last access: 10 November 2017); https://www.landlordandtenant.org/leases-and-agreements/ (last access: 10 November 2017). N: 1. late 14c., “legal contract conveying property, usually for a fixed period of time and with a fixed compensation,” from Anglo-French les (late 13c.), Old French lais, lez “a lease, a letting, a leaving,”
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/emerging/legionella.pdf (last access: 9 December 2015); WHOI.EDU – http://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/feature/legions-of-legionella-bacteria (last access: 9 December 2015). N: 1. This term comes from Latin legio, -onis, a body of soldiers, legion; L. fem. dim. ending -ella; N.L. fem. n. Legionella, small legion or army. 2. Legionella is related
GC: n S: NIHH – http://www.nih.gov/researchmatters/june2011/06272011legionnaires.htm (last access: 30 October 2014); HSE – http://www.hseni.gov.uk/hsg274_legionella_technical_guidance_part3.pdf (last access: 30 October 2014). N: 1. n. legio -onis, a body of soldiers, legion; L. fem. dim. ending -ella; N.L. fem. n. Legionella, small legion or army. 2. Legionellosis is a disease caused by infection
GC: n S: http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/press/release.cfm?id=5659&cat=press-release (last access: 12 November 2013); DORLAND p. 1019. N: 1. Modern Latin ; from Leishmania, after Sir W. B. Leishman (1865-1926), Scottish bacteriologist. 2. It is found in parts of the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe. 3. It is classified as a Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD).
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs101/en/ (last access: 31 July 2015); DORLAND p. 1022, 1023. N: 1. leprosy (n.): 1530s (earlier lepruse, mid-15c.), from leprous; see leper. First used in Coverdale Bible, where it renders Hebrew cara’ath, which apparently was a comprehensive term for skin diseases. Because of pejorative associations,
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/zoonoses/diseases/Leptospirosissurveillance.pdf (last access: 19 November 2015); CDC – http://www.cdc.gov/features/leptospirosis/ (last access: 19 November 2015). N: 1. From leptospira and -osis. Leptospira: From Gr. adj. leptos, thin, narrow, fine; L. fem. n. spira, a coil, helix; N.L. fem. n. Leptospira, a thin helix or coil, referring
GC: n S: WHO – http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/94830/1/9789241548694_eng.pdf (last access: 10 October 2015); http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=9695 (last access: 10 October 2015). N: 1. Early 15c., from Middle French lesion, from Latin laesionem (nominative laesio) “injury,” from past participle stem of laedere “to strike, hurt, damage,” of unknown origin. Originally with reference to any sort
GC: n S: https://www.law.cornell.edu/ucc/2A/2A-103 (last access: 9 November 2017); http://www.nj.gov/dca/divisions/codes/publications/pdf_lti/lease_term_law.pdf (last access: 9 November 2017). N: 1. “one to whom a lease is given,” late 15c., from Anglo-French lesee, Old French lessé, past participle of lesser “to let, to leave” (10c., Modern French laisser), from Latin laxare, from laxus “loose”.
GC: n S: IG – http://www.investorguide.com/article/15961/lessor-vs-lessee-the-fundamentals-of-lease-agreements-d1503/ (last access: 9 November 2017); http://bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd/sections_detail.php?id=48§ions_id=16323 (last access: 9 November 2017). N: 1. “one who grants a lease,” late 14c., from Anglo-French lessor (late 13c.), from verb lesser “to let, to leave” (10c., Modern French laisser), from Latin laxare, from laxus “loose” (from PIE
GC: n S: http://ehistory.osu.edu/uscw/features/articles/0005/privateers.cfm (last access: 1 March 2014); http://www.constitution.org/mil/lmr/marque_it.htm (last access: 1 March 2014); http://www.piratedocuments.com/Pages/what_is_letter_of_marq.htm (last access: 1 March 2014) N: 1. In olden times, Kingdoms and governments did not have navies. They would license private ships (privateers) to capture their enemies’ shipping and goods. These Licenses were called
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2007/np19/en/ (last access: 18 November 2014); NCI – http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/leukemia. (last access: 18 November 2014). N: 1. 1851, on model of German Leukämie (1848), coined by R. Virchow from Greek leukos “clear, white” + haima “blood”. 2. A progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, characterized