thrombocytopenia
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GC: n

S: NHS – https://www.northdevonhealth.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Thrombocytopenia.pdf (last access: 14 November 2020); NIH – https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/thrombocytopenia#:~:text=Thrombocytopenia%20(THROM%2Dbo%2Dsi,other%20kinds%20of%20blood%20cells. (last access: 14 November 2020).

N: 1. First Known Use of thrombocytopenia: 1921. New Latin, from International Scientific Vocabulary thrombocyte + New Latin -o- + -penia.
2. Thrombocytopenia, abnormally low number of platelets (thrombocytes) in the circulation. Normal platelet counts are between 150,000 and 400,000 per cubic millimetre. When the platelet count drops to 50,000 to 75,000 per cubic millimetre, and particularly to 10,000 to 20,000 per cubic millimetre, spontaneous bleeding may occur.
3. Thrombocytopenia has many causes. One of the most common causes of low platelets is a condition called immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). You may hear it called by its old name, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Although doctors don’t know what causes primary ITP, they know that it happens when your immune system — your body’s main defense against disease — doesn’t work right. Your antibodies, which are supposed to attack infections, instead mistakenly destroy your platelets.
4. Thrombocytopenia can run in families, but you can also get it from many medical conditions. Treating the medical condition may improve ITP.

Secondary ITP happens when ITP is linked to another condition, such as:

  • Viral infections (including chickenpox, parvovirus, hepatitis C, Epstein-Barr, and HIV)
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • Drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia
  • Sepsis, a severe bacterial infection in your blood
  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a bacteria that can live in your digestive system.

S: 1. MW – https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/thrombocytopenia (last access: 14 November 2020). 2. EncBrit – https://www.britannica.com/science/thrombocytopenia (last access: 14 November 2020). 3&4. WebMD – https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/thrombocytopenia-symptoms-causes-treatments#1 (last access: 14 November 2020).

GV: thrombocytopaenia (UK)

S: TERMIUM PLUS – https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=THROMBOCYTOPENIA&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 14 November 2020); GDT – http://gdt.oqlf.gouv.qc.ca/ficheOqlf.aspx?Id_Fiche=17013134 (last access: 14 November 2020).

SYN: thrombopenia

S: TERMIUM PLUS – https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=THROMBOCYTOPENIA&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 14 November 2020); GDT – http://gdt.oqlf.gouv.qc.ca/ficheOqlf.aspx?Id_Fiche=17013134 (last access: 14 November 2020).

CR: antiaggregant, anticoagulant, platelet, thrombosis.