N: 1. 1848, from “vegetarian” (1839, irregular formation from “vegetable” (n.) + -arian, as in “agrarian”) + “-ism” (word-forming element making nouns implying a practice, system, doctrine, etc., from French -isme or directly from Latin -isma, -ismus [source also of Italian, Spanish -ismo, Dutch, German -ismus], from Greek -ismos, noun ending signifying the practice or teaching of a thing, from the stem of verbs in -izein, a verb-forming element denoting the doing of the noun or adjective to which it is attached).
Pythagoras was sometimes called Father of Vegetarianism as his diet was meatless. Vegetarian diet was first known as the “Pythagorean diet” until the term “vegetarian” was coined in 1847 to promote peaceful thoughts.
2. A diet that excludes animal products such as meat, chicken, fish and seafood.
3. Not to be confused with “veganism” which refers specifically to a philosophy and way of living which seeks to exclude all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. In dietary terms it denotes the practice of dispensing with all products derived wholly or partly from animals.
4. There are different types of vegetarianism:
- lacto-ovo-vegetarians – eat both dairy products and eggs (this is the most common type of vegetarian diet)
- lacto-vegetarians – eat dairy products but not eggs
- ovo-vegetarians – eat eggs but not dairy products
- flexitarian – eats some vegetarian meals but not always
5. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the oil on canvas painting Pythagoras Advocating Vegetarianism (c. 1628-30) produced by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) and Frans Snyders (1579-1657).
S: 1. OED – https://www.etymonline.com/search?q=vegetarianism; https://www.etymonline.com/word/vegetarian; https://www.etymonline.com/search?q=ism (last access: 1 November 2020). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/3jGJqlq (last access: 27 October 2020). 3. TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/3jGJqlq ; VeganSociety – https://bit.ly/2HOWQyx (last access: 27 October 2020). 4. NHS – https://bit.ly/3kTIyvz (last access: 28 October 2020); IVU – https://bit.ly/3kEZjdy (last access: 28 October 2020). 5. RCT – https://bit.ly/2GeTwwu (last access: 28 October 2020).