trauma
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GC: n

S: WHO – http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/publications/services/guidelines_traumacare/en/# (last access: 12 December 2016); SD – https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/physical_trauma.htm (lzst access: 12 December 2016).

N: 1. 1690s, “physical wound,” medical Latin, from Greek trauma “a wound, a hurt; a defeat,” from PIE *trau-, extended form of root *tere- “to rub, turn,” with derivatives referring to twisting, piercing, etc. Sense of “psychic wound, unpleasant experience which causes abnormal stress” is from 1894.
2. A very difficult or unpleasant experience that causes someone to have mental or emotional problems usually for a long time.
Medical : A serious injury to a person’s body.
3. Collocations:

  • ADJ. major, severe | emotional, physical, psychological | childhood The phobia may have its root in a childhood trauma.
  • VERB + TRAUMA go through, suffer | get over, recover from.

4. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the movie Trauma (2004) by Mark Evans.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=trauma (last access: 9 December 2016 ). 2. MW – http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/trauma (last access: 9 December 2016). 3. OD – http://oxforddictionary.so8848.com/search?word=trauma (last access: 12 December 2016). 4. IMDb – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0363143/ (last access: 9 December 2016).

SYN: 1. traumatic injury. 2. traumatism.

S: 1. UFH – https://ufhealth.org/traumatic-injury (last access: 12 December 2016). 2. NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27908808 (last access: 9 December 2016).; MEDICALDICT – http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/traumatism (last access: 9 December 2016).

CR: kyphosis, lesion, psoriasis, spondylolisthesis, traumatic brain injury.