S: SPRING – https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00586-005-1053-9 (last access: 29 October 2020); NHS – https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/scoliosis/ (last access: 29 October 2020).
N: 1. The first time it was found in a document was in 1706. It comes from the medical Latin, from Greek skoliosis, which means “crookedness” and from skolios which means “bent, curved”. It comes as well from PIE root *skel- “bend, curve” with derivatives referring to crooked parts of the body (as in Greek skelos “leg, limb”).
2. A lateral curvature of the spine, a common abnormality of childhood, especially in females.
3. Causes include congenital malformation of the spine, poliomyelitis, skeletal dysplasias, spastic paralysis, and unequal leg length. Unequal heights of hips or shoulders may be a sign of this condition.
4. Early recognition and orthopedic treatment may prevent progression of the curvature. Treatment includes braces, casts, exercises, and corrective surgery.
S: 1. OED – https://www.etymonline.com/search?q=scoliosis (last access: 28 October 2020). 2 to 4. TERMIUM PLUS- https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=scoliosis&index=alt&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 28 October 2020).