schistosomiasis
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GC: n

S: WHO – http://www.who.int/schistosomiasis/en/ (last access: 25 November 2014); http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs115/en/ (last access: 12 October 2015); http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/schistosomiasis/ (last access: 12 October 2015).

N: 1. schistosomiasis (n): 1906, from schistosome (1905), from Modern Latin Schistosoma, from Greek skhistos “divided, cloven” (see schist) + soma “body” (see somato-).
2. Group of chronic disorders caused by small, parasitic flatworms (family Schistosomatidae) commonly called blood flukes. Schistosomiasis is most prevalent in rural communities where hygiene is poor due to poverty or due to the lack of infrastructure to support adequate health care services. The disease is ordinarily contracted by working, bathing, or swimming in water populated by snails that carry the worms.
3. The parasites were first identified as a cause of the disease in the 1850s by Theodor Bilharz, a German pathologist working in Egypt.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=schistosomiasis&searchmode=none (last access: 25 November 2014). 2 & 3. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/schistosomiasis (last access: 25 November 2014).

SYN: bilharziasis

S: TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 25 November 2014)

CR: parasitosis