sarcoidosis
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GC: n

S: PUBLIC HEALTH – http://www.publichealthjrnl.com/article/S0033-3506″>http://www.publichealthjrnl.com/article/S0033-3506(11)00211-3/fulltext (last access: 21.10.2016 ); NMN – http://www.news-medical.net/news/20151023/Scientists-develop-new-strategy-to-target-sarcoidosis.aspx (last access: 21.10.2016).

N: 1. 1936, from sarcoid (1841, from sarco- + -oid.; as a noun from 1875) + -osis (word-forming element expressing state or condition, in medical terminology denoting “a state of disease,” from Latin -osis and directly from Greek -osis, formed from the aorist of verbs ending in -o. It corresponds to Latin -atio).
2. Sarcoidosis is a disease in which inflammation occurs in the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, eyes, skin, or other tissues.
3. The exact cause of sarcoidosis is unknown. What is known is that when a person has the disease, tiny clumps of abnormal tissue (granulomas) form in certain organs of the body. Granulomas are clusters of immune cells.
4. The disease can affect almost any organ. It most commonly affects the lungs.
Doctors think that having certain genes makes it more likely for a person to develop sarcoidosis. Things that may trigger the disease include infections with bacteria or viruses. Contact with dust or chemicals may also be triggers.
5. The disease is more common in African Americans and Caucasians of Scandinavian heritage. More women than men have the disease.
6. The disease often begins between ages 20 and 40. Sarcoidosis is rare in young children.
7. A person with a close blood relative who has sarcoidosis is nearly five times as likely to develop the condition.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=sarcoidosis (last access: 21 October 2016). 2 to 7. MEDLP – https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000076.htm (last access: 21 October 2016).

SYN: febris uveo-parotidea subchronica, Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease, Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann syndrome, benign lymphogranuloma, Hutchinson-Boeck granulomatosis, benign lymphogranulomatosis, Darier-Roussy sarcoid, luposa tuberculosis.

S: PUBLIC HEALTH – http://www.publichealthjrnl.com/ (last access: 21 October 2016)

CR: biopsy, disease, etiology.