S: eMedicine – http://medicine.med.nyu.edu/conditions-we-treat/conditions/parotitis (last access: 1 September 2014); Medscape – http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/882461-clinical (last access: 10 October 2015).
N: 1. Parotitis causes swelling in one or both of the parotid glands. These are two large salivary glands that are inside each cheek over the jaw in front of each ear. It may require treatment.
2. Parotitis can be:
- Acute—inflammation that resolves with treatment.
- Chronic—includes persistent inflammation or alternating periods of flare-ups and remission.
3. Acute bacterial parotitis is now infrequent, but its historical importance and occasional occurrence today necessitate in-depth knowledge of this entity by the otolaryngologist. Mumps and bacterial parotitis were differentiated by 1800, but neither was effectively treated. The mortality rate for bacterial parotitis was 80%. Before antibiotics and intravenous administration of fluids were available, bacterial parotitis occurred in postoperative patients or other severely ill patients who became dehydrated and contributed to their demise as an incurable sepsis.
S: 1 & 2. http://medicine.med.nyu.edu/conditions-we-treat/conditions/parotitis (last access: 1 September 2014). 3. eMedecine – http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/882461-overview (last access: 1 September 2014)
S: GDT (1 September 2014)