illegal confinement

GC: n

S: NDTV – (last access: 29 December 2018); News18 – (last access: 29 December 2018).

N: 1. – illegal (adj): 1630s, from French illégal (14c.) or directly from Medieval Latin illegalis, from assimilated form of in- “not, opposite of” + Latin legalis. Term illegal immigrant first recorded 1892 in American English (illegal immigration is from 1887); used in British English in 1940s in reference to the Jewish movement to Palestine.
– confinement (n): 1620s, “state of being confined; any restraint by force, necessity, or obstacle,” from French confinement (16c.; the Old French word was confinacion), from confiner “to border; to shut up, enclose” (see confine).
As “restraint from going abroad by childbirth,” perhaps a euphemism for childbed it dates from 1774 (the Middle English expression was Our Lady’s bands). To be confined “be unable to leave the house or bed from sickness or childbirth” is attested from 1772.
2. The illegal confinement of one individual against his or her will by another individual in such a manner as to violate the confined individual’s right to be free from restraint of movement.
3. To recover damages for false imprisonment, an individual must be confined to a substantial degree, with her or his freedom of movement totally restrained. Interfering with or obstructing an individual’s freedom to go where she or he wishes does not constitute false imprisonment. For example, if Bob enters a room, and Anne prevents him from leaving through one exit but does not prevent him from leaving the way he came in, Bob has not been falsely imprisoned. An accidental or inadvertent confinement, such as when someone is mistakenly locked in a room, also does not constitute false imprisonment; the individual who caused the confinement must have intended the restraint.

S: 1. OED –; (last access: 29 December 2018). 2 & 3. TFD – (last access: 8 July 2015).


CR: human rights, human trafficking.