epistaxis
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GC: n

S: NHS – https://www.royalberkshire.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets/AandE%20Epistaxis.htm (last access: 14 November 2020); NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK435997/ (last access: 14 November 2020).

N: 1. “nosebleed,” 1793, medical Latin, as if from Greek *epistaxis, a false reading for epistagmos, from epi “upon” + stazein “to let fall in drops”.
2. Nosebleed, also called Epistaxis, an attack of bleeding from the nose. It is a common and usually unimportant disorder but may also result from local conditions of inflammation, small ulcers or polypoid growths, or severe injuries to the skull. Vascular disease, such as high blood pressure, may provoke it, and such diseases as scurvy and hemophilia also may be responsible. Usually it is easily controlled by rest and application of cold and pressure. On occasion it may require expert care.
3. It may be due to a local disease of the nasal passages, or sometimes occurs as a manifestation of a general disease, as in the early stages of acute fevers and in some of the blood diseases, and also in high blood pressure from any cause.
4. Can be seen in Wegener’s granulomatosis.
5. epistaxis: term recommended by the Medical Signs and Symptoms Committee (Canada).

S: 1. OED – https://www.etymonline.com/word/epistaxis (last access: 14 November 2020). 2. EncBrit – https://www.britannica.com/science/nosebleed (last access: 14 November 2020). 3 to 5. TERMIUM PLUS – https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=epistaxis&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 14 November 2020).

SYN: 1. nosebleed. 2. nasal hemorrhage (less frequent), rhinorrhagia (rare).

S: 1. TERMIUM PLUS – https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=epistaxis&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 14 November 2020); NHS – https://www.royalberkshire.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets/AandE%20Epistaxis.htm (last access: 14 November 2020); NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK435997/ (last access: 14 November 2020). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=epistaxis&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 14 November 2020).

CR: artery