defect
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GC: n

S: NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0023508/ (last access: 26 February 2018); https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/congenital-anomaly (last access: 26 February 2018).

N: 1. Early 15c., from Middle French defect and directly from Latin defectus “failure, revolt, falling away,” noun use of past participle of deficere “to fail, desert,” from de “down, away” + combining form of facere “to do, make” (from PIE root *dhe- “to set, put”).
2. An imperfection or malformation.
3. An imperfection, malformation, dysfunction, or absence; an attribute of quality, in contrast with deficiency, which is an attribute of quantity.
4. An imperfection, failure, or absence.

  • congenital heart defect see congenital heart defect.
  • aortic septal defect see aortic septal defect.
  • atrial septal defect see atrial septal defect.
  • filling defect: an interruption in the contour of the inner surface of stomach or intestine revealed by radiography, indicating excess tissue or substance on or in the wall of the organ.
  • neural tube defect see neural tube defect.
  • septal defect: a defect in the cardiac septum resulting in an abnormal communication between opposite chambers of the heart.

S: 1. OED – https://www.etymonline.com/word/defect (last access: 26 February 2018). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – http://www.goo.gl/MTTZVc (last access: 26 February 2018). 3. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/defect – Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012 (last access: 26 February 2018). 4. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/defect – Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. (last access: 26 February 2018).

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CR: anomaly, impairment, malformation.